Michigan maple syrup producers are hoping for another sweet season of tapping trees and boiling sap after a producing 190,000 gallons in 2022 (up from 150,000 gallons in 2021), according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). In 2019, Michigan produced a record 195,000 gallons – the highest amount on record.*
To celebrate Michigan’s oldest agricultural activity, 18 members of the Michigan Maple Syrup Association once again invite Michiganders to experience this unique process during one of three Annual Michigan Maple Syrup Weekends coming up from mid-March through early April throughout both peninsulas:
- March 18-19: Southern Lower Peninsula (south of US10)
- March 25-26: Northern Lower Peninsula (north of US10)
- April 1-2: Upper Peninsula
The respective farms offer a variety of family-friendly activities that provide a chance for people to get a firsthand look at how maple sap is collected, boiled down and turned into sweet maple syrup and other maple treats. Many of the farms offer tours of their operation, including tree tapping demonstrations, samples of their products, recipes for the use of maple syrup and local maple syrup products available to purchase. Attendees are reminded to wear boots as mud and snow may still be abundant this time of the year. Even though many activities are outside, guests are asked to wear masks and remain socially distanced in order to maintain health and safety during the pandemic.
In the spring, as the days get longer and the temperatures rise (thanks to more minutes and hours of sunshine), Michigan’s sugar maple trees begin to release “liquid gold” – the clear sap which is boiled down into sweet and delicious maple syrup. The process dates back to the early Native Americans, before Michigan ever became a state.
Today, Michigan ranks #5 in the nation for maple syrup production, with an economic impact of $6.95 million in 2021. Over the past 12 years, Michigan has produced over 1.584 million gallons of syrup (an average of 132,000 gallons per year). Given it takes 40 gallons of sap, boiled down to make a gallon of syrup, the amount of harvested sap exceeds 7.6 million gallons. Maple sugaring also contributes to the overall $104.7 billion agricultural and $24 billion tourism industries here in Pure Michigan (see page 3 for additional facts), according to the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Michigan Economic Development Corporation, respectively.
Due to its high sugar content of approximately two percent, sugar maple is the preferred tree for tapping, although black maple, red maple, silver maple and ash leafed maple — each with a sugar content of about one percent — can also be tapped to produce syrup. Sugar maple is Michigan’s most common tree species and the northern hardwood forests in which they grow in abundance covers about five million acres. And while some Canadian provinces and New England state area are often recognized as leaders in the maple sugaring industry, Michigan itself has more than three times the number of sugar maples than Quebec or Vermont, meaning the potential for growth is unlimited. Currently, Michigan utilizes less than one percent of its potential maple resources.
As with any agricultural crop, sap changes from farm to farm and region to region, depending on the soil content. The area’s climate and species of trees also play a role in this industry, meaning syrup flavor profiles change from region to region, even within the same state.
Of course, there’s more than just syrup to be enjoyed. Producers of maple syrup are also making candy, ice cream and other sweet treats with their bounty. Even Michigan wineries, breweries and distilleries are crafting beverages with maple sap or syrup for special seasonal offerings.
Founded in 1962, the Michigan Maple Syrup Association is a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of maple sugaring in Michigan and the promotion of Michigan pure maple products, representing 130 members around the state.
Michigan Maple Weekend participants
Southern Lower: March 18-19
- Butternut Creek Sugar Shack, Mendon
- H & H Sugarbush, Chelsea
- Law Family Farm, North Branch
- MapleWorxz, Caro (Since 1949)
- Merten Farms, Hart
- Shepherd Sugarbush, Shepherd
- Sweetz Beez N’ Treez, Waterford Township
Northern Lower: March 25-26
- 4D Acre Farm, Hawks
- Bonz Beach Farms, Onaway
- Delaney’s Wood Fired Maple Syrup, Rose City
- Maple Dale Farm, Atlanta
- Owl Ridge Maple Sugar Farm, Frankfort
- Ron’s Pure Maple Syrup | Reetz Family Sugar Bush, West Branch (Since 1872)
- Southwell Sugar Shack, Mancelona
- Sweet Success Sugar Bush, Mio
- Wood Farm, Rapid City
Upper Peninsula: April 1-2
- Besteman Maple Products, Rudyard
- Postma Brothers Maple Syrup, Rudyard (Since 1901)
- RMG Maple Products, Rudyard
Pure Michigan Maple Syrup Facts
- In 2022, Michigan ranked 5th in maple syrup production in the United States with 190,000 gallons produced – up 40,000 gallons from the previous year (according to the USDA).
- The total number of Michigan taps last year was 570,000 and the syrup yield was 0.333 gallons per tap.
- The U.S. maple syrup production for 2022 was 5.03 million, up 35% over 2021.
- Average maple syrup production in Michigan is about 91,000 gallons per year (meaning more than 3.64 million gallons of sap is harvested annually).
- Economic contributions of the pure maple syrup industry to Michigan are nearly $2.5 million annually.
- There are an estimated 500 commercial maple syrup producers in Michigan with some 2,000 additional hobby or home-use producers.
- Michigan law requires that processor of maple syrup must be licensed.
- Only about 1 percent of Michigan’s maple forest resource is used in maple syrup production.
- Maple syrup is the first farm crop to be harvested in Michigan each year – starting in February in the southern counties and running well into April in the Upper Peninsula.
Maple Sugaring Tidbits
- The production of pure maple syrup is the oldest agricultural enterprise in the United States, dating back to the earliest Native Americans.
- Warm sunny days and freezing nights determine the length of the maple season.
- Freezing and thawing temperatures create pressure and force the sap out of the tree – with a very rapid rise in temperature (25 to 45 degrees) to enhance the sap flow.
- While the sugaring season may last 6-10 weeks, the heavy sap may run only 10-20 days.
- The budding of maple trees makes the maple syrup taste bitter. Thus, production ceases.
- A maple tree needs to be about 35-40 years old and have a diameter of 10 inches before tapping is recommended.
- In an average year, each taphole will produce about 10 gallons of maple sap, enough for about a quart of maple syrup.
- It takes approximately 40 gallons of maple sap to make 1 gallon of maple syrup.
- Maple sap is a slightly sweet, colorless liquid with an average sugar concentration of 2-3%.
- A gallon of standard maple syrup weighs 11 pounds and has a sugar content of 66.5%.
- Maple syrup has 50 calories per tablespoon and is fat-free. It has no additives, no added coloring and no preservatives.
- Maple syrup is classified as one of nature’s most healthful foods.
- Maple syrup has may minerals per tablespoon: 20 milligrams of calcium, 2 milligrams of phosphorus, 0.2 milligrams of iron, 2 milligrams of sodium, 35 milligrams of potassium.
- Maple sap is boiled to remove the water and concentrate the sugars in a process called evaporation.
- In a conventional evaporator one cord of hard wood is required for every 25 gallons of syrup produced.
- Tubing collection systems with vacuum can increase average sap yields approximately 50 percent.
- Maple sap becomes maple syrup when boiled to 219 degrees Fahrenheit, or 7 degrees above the boiling point of water.
- Maple syrup is one of the few agricultural crops in which demand exceeds supply.